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Environment, Water Resources and Agricultural Policies

Lessons from China and OECD Countries

image of Environment, Water Resources and Agricultural Policies

China's endowment of water resources is extremely low, poorly distributed, and increasingly polluted.  With agriculture being one of the main consumers of water, China's future development depends on initiatives that will raise the efficiency and efficacy of water use.  These workshop proceedings examine the current situation in China, look at what is being done in OECD countries to manage water resources, and suggest policy options for China.

English

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Conserving Agricultural Biodiversity Through Water Markets in China

Lessons from the Millennium Ecosystem Assessment

The concept of eco-compensation measures is being developed in China as an important means of providing a more diverse flow of benefits to rural people. Compensating up-stream landowners for managing their land in ways that maintain downstream water quality is particularly important for China. While biodiversity itself is difficult to value, it can be linked to other markets, such as certification in the case of organic agriculture. Drawing on the findings of the recently-released Millennium Ecosystem Assessment, this paper expands on some of the markets for agriculture-related ecosystem services (especially watershed protection), identifies relevant sources of information, and highlights some of the initiatives linking such markets to poverty alleviation. Making markets work for ecosystem services requires an appropriate policy framework, government support, operational institutional support, and innovation at scales from the site to the country.

English

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