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Challenges for Agricultural Research

image of Challenges for Agricultural Research

As the world has changed during the past 50 years, so has agriculture. And so has agricultural research, which continues to confront new challenges, from food security to ecological concerns to land use issues. Indeed, as Guy Paillotin, the former president of the French National Institute for Agricultural Research (INRA) has noted, agricultural research “has reached new heights in biology and is exploring other disciplines. It is forever changing, as are the needs of the society”.

The changing challenges faced by agricultural research were examined in depth at a conference organised by the OECD’s Co-operative Research Programme on Biological Resource Management for Sustainable Agricultural Systems, together with the Czech Republic’s Ministry of Agriculture. Participants came from all agricultural sectors and included farmers, industry, scientists and decision makers, as well as other stake holders.

This publication presents the twenty papers delivered at the conference. They highlight recent major progress in agricultural research outcomes and address the challenges that lie ahead.

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Animal Biotechnology in the United States: the Regulation of Animal Clones and Genetically Engineered Animals

The implementation of genetic engineering in animals is a rapidly developing field. In January 2009, the US FDA issued the final version of its Guidance on the Regulation of Genetically Engineered Animals Containing Heritable Recombinant DNA Constructs. This document clarifies the FDA’s statutory and regulatory authority, and provides recommendations to producers of GE animals to help them meet their obligations and responsibilities under the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act. The FFDCA defines “articles (other than food) intended to affect the structure or any function of the body of man or other animals” as drugs. Because an rDNA construct in a GE animal is intended to affect the animal's structure or function, it meets the definition of a new animal drug, whether the animal is intended for food, or used to produce another substance. The FDA has developed a risk-based approach to the regulation of these rDNA constructs in GE animals.

English

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