Challenges and Risks of Genetically Engineered Organisms

image of Challenges and Risks of Genetically Engineered Organisms

This book discusses the often diverging risks and opportunities associated with genetically engineered organisms in terms of the environment, food safety, and economics and trade. These issues were raised at the OECD Workshop on Challenges and Risks of GMOs - What Risk Analysis is Appropriate? Options for Future Policy Making Towards Integrated Agro-Food Systems, held in Maastricht, Netherlands, in July 2003.  Discussions also covered the relevant WTO Agreements and their relationship with other multilateral accords as well as  regional and national approaches.



The Processing Sector

Integration of Environmental Concerns in Industrial Strategies

Six examples of innovations with modern biotechnology are discussed in terms of their effects on industrial economic value creation, environmental performance and on the effects on people’s lifestyles and working conditions. The examples span a period of 3 decades. Gradually increasing levies on end-ofpipe pollution and societal pressure for cleaner processes, technology development and the need to compete on a global market for food, feed and pharmaceutical ingredients all four resulted in new and innovative solutions. We conclude that industry can and will indeed respond to environmental concerns by developing cleaner technology and will come with innovative products and processes. However these developments need sufficient time and sometimes support from national and local governments before ...


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