Challenges and Risks of Genetically Engineered Organisms

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This book discusses the often diverging risks and opportunities associated with genetically engineered organisms in terms of the environment, food safety, and economics and trade. These issues were raised at the OECD Workshop on Challenges and Risks of GMOs - What Risk Analysis is Appropriate? Options for Future Policy Making Towards Integrated Agro-Food Systems, held in Maastricht, Netherlands, in July 2003.  Discussions also covered the relevant WTO Agreements and their relationship with other multilateral accords as well as  regional and national approaches.



Risk Analysis of Soil-Plant Horizontal Gene Transfer

The introduction to modern agricultural practice of genetically modified plants (GMPs) has raised a series of questions and concerns that have been debated within the political and scientific communities in recent years (20).1 Although biological products could offer great potential benefits to agriculture, such as the reduced use of pesticides and fertilizers, there are many uncertainties about the risks of the introduction of transgenic plants into the open environment and the ecological impact of engineered genes. This is based on the hypothesis that if the genetic alteration is transferred to other organisms, in particular microbial recipients, it could be disseminated into the natural habitat, with unpredictable ...


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