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Challenges and Risks of Genetically Engineered Organisms

image of Challenges and Risks of Genetically Engineered Organisms

This book discusses the often diverging risks and opportunities associated with genetically engineered organisms in terms of the environment, food safety, and economics and trade. These issues were raised at the OECD Workshop on Challenges and Risks of GMOs - What Risk Analysis is Appropriate? Options for Future Policy Making Towards Integrated Agro-Food Systems, held in Maastricht, Netherlands, in July 2003.  Discussions also covered the relevant WTO Agreements and their relationship with other multilateral accords as well as  regional and national approaches.

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Risk Analysis for GMOs and the Role of the New European Food Safety Authority

Genetically modified (GM) crops were introduced commercially in 1996. Since that time the adoption of GM crops has continuously increased till a worldwide cultivated area of approximately 60 million hectares nowadays. Currently, cultivated GM crops carry traits that are predominantly of agronomic importance, e.g. herbicide and or insect resistance. Examples are soybeans, canola, cotton, maize, sugar beet and potatoes. Several GM crops have been modified with traits that affect the functional and quality properties of the final product. Examples are long-ripening tomatoes with favorable post-harvest texture characteristics for processing into tomato paste, soybeans high in oleic acid and canola high in lauric acid. Moreover in the ...

English

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