Challenges and Risks of Genetically Engineered Organisms

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This book discusses the often diverging risks and opportunities associated with genetically engineered organisms in terms of the environment, food safety, and economics and trade. These issues were raised at the OECD Workshop on Challenges and Risks of GMOs - What Risk Analysis is Appropriate? Options for Future Policy Making Towards Integrated Agro-Food Systems, held in Maastricht, Netherlands, in July 2003.  Discussions also covered the relevant WTO Agreements and their relationship with other multilateral accords as well as  regional and national approaches.



Japanese Views on Risks of Biotechnology and Intellectual Property

One of the central questions in the development of international biotechnology policy is whether persons have the same concepts of benefit and risk between countries, and how these views influence the policy. The first part of this paper presents analysis of comments on the benefits, risks and moral acceptability of biotechnology in Japan as viewed from different sectors of society. Two samples were obtained from mail response surveys in the year 2000, from the general public (N=297) and scientists (N=370), and one from the general public in 2003 (N=377). Comparison was made for a series of four questions on utility, risk, moral acceptability and overall encouragement, for applications of technology. The questions requested both agreement with a 5-point self-indicated scale, and the reasons behind these attitudes through open comments. The most acceptable of the applications were medicines ...


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