Challenges and Risks of Genetically Engineered Organisms

image of Challenges and Risks of Genetically Engineered Organisms

This book discusses the often diverging risks and opportunities associated with genetically engineered organisms in terms of the environment, food safety, and economics and trade. These issues were raised at the OECD Workshop on Challenges and Risks of GMOs - What Risk Analysis is Appropriate? Options for Future Policy Making Towards Integrated Agro-Food Systems, held in Maastricht, Netherlands, in July 2003.  Discussions also covered the relevant WTO Agreements and their relationship with other multilateral accords as well as  regional and national approaches.




The Concept of Risk Analysis

Risk Analysis encompasses the relevant steps for handling food risks by differentiating the scientific level of Risk Assessment, the political level of Risk Management and the communicative level of Risk Communication. The Codex Alimentarius Commission has developed guidelines for optimizing Risk Analysis by separating all levels functionally and especially by splitting Risk Assessment from Management. This divorce is stressed to ensure the neutral basis for derivating independent, and objective management strategies. Additionally to these guidelines, the actual relevance of an independent Risk Assessment and a neutral ...


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