Challenges and Risks of Genetically Engineered Organisms

image of Challenges and Risks of Genetically Engineered Organisms

This book discusses the often diverging risks and opportunities associated with genetically engineered organisms in terms of the environment, food safety, and economics and trade. These issues were raised at the OECD Workshop on Challenges and Risks of GMOs - What Risk Analysis is Appropriate? Options for Future Policy Making Towards Integrated Agro-Food Systems, held in Maastricht, Netherlands, in July 2003.  Discussions also covered the relevant WTO Agreements and their relationship with other multilateral accords as well as  regional and national approaches.



Intellectual Property Rights Regime in the EU

Directive 98/44 on the Legal Protection of Biotechnological Inventions

This paper focus on the relevant EU provisions on patentability of plants and other related aspects such as questions raised by the Rio Convention on biological diversity. The aim of this paper is however not to deal with other controversial issues currently being discussed within the EU relating rather to the patentability of elements of the Human body (i.e. scope conferred to inventions related to human DNA sequences and patentability of Human Stem Cells and cell lines derived from them). The introductory remarks will illustrate the long and thorough discussions which led to the adoption by the Council and the European Parliament of the directive 98/441 on the legal protection of ...


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