Challenges and Risks of Genetically Engineered Organisms

image of Challenges and Risks of Genetically Engineered Organisms

This book discusses the often diverging risks and opportunities associated with genetically engineered organisms in terms of the environment, food safety, and economics and trade. These issues were raised at the OECD Workshop on Challenges and Risks of GMOs - What Risk Analysis is Appropriate? Options for Future Policy Making Towards Integrated Agro-Food Systems, held in Maastricht, Netherlands, in July 2003.  Discussions also covered the relevant WTO Agreements and their relationship with other multilateral accords as well as  regional and national approaches.



Developing Countries and the Regulation of GMOs

Some Perspectives and Problems

This contribution surveys some perspectives of developing countries in addressing policy and practical challenges associated with the regulation of genetically modified organisms (GMOs). It would be inaccurate, of course, to seek to portray developing countries as a homogenous group with regard to their priorities and concerns relating to modern biotechnology and biosafety; as in other countries, a diversity of interests and perspectives within and among developing countries gives rise to a tension in policy debates on appropriate GMO regulation. With that limitation in mind, this contribution focuses on a limited set of considerations related to the elaboration and implementation of the Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety. It surveys the main concerns and positions of developing countries in the negotiation of the Protocol and the extent to which those concerns were reflected in the Protocol as adopted. Specific areas addressed include the scope of the Protocol and its advance informed agreement procedure, the ...


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