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Building Food Security and Managing Risk in Southeast Asia

image of Building Food Security and Managing Risk in Southeast Asia

This report explores effective policy solutions to the current and future challenges related to food security in the countries of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN). While robust GDP growth, rising agricultural productivity and output, and strong growth in agricultural incomes have all contributed to vast improvements in the food security of the region, 60 million people remain undernourished. ASEAN governments have therefore justifiably kept food security as a policy priority. The regional policy architecture set out in ASEAN frameworks provides sound guidance, yet some of the current policies adopted by members are not helping to address food insecurity and its causes, including the formidable challenges related to climate change and the need for continued growth in sustainable food production to feed growing populations. This report puts forward a number of policy recommendations to ensure that the ASEAN agricultural and fisheries sectors contribute effectively and efficiently to ensuring regional food security.

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Current approaches and alternatives for managing food insecurity risk in ASEAN

This chapter examines food security at household level within selected ASEAN countries, and assesses the effectiveness and efficiency of current policy approaches in addressing transitory food insecurity risks. First, household survey data for five ASEAN countries is evaluated in order to shed light on the incidence of undernourishment at household level, including details on the characteristics of undernourished households. Second, the impact of three major food insecurity risks on rice prices and the prevalence of undernourishment in the selected countries are simulated. Finally, the performance of current and alternative trade and domestic safety net policies under the risk scenarios is compared.

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