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Building Agricultural Resilience to Natural Hazard-induced Disasters

Insights from Country Case Studies

image of Building Agricultural Resilience to Natural Hazard-induced Disasters

Natural hazard-induced disasters (NHID), such as floods, droughts, severe storms, and animal pests and diseases have significant, widespread and long-lasting impacts on agricultural sectors around the world. With climate change set to amplify many of these impacts, a “business-as-usual” approach to disaster risk management in agriculture cannot continue if we are to meet the challenges of agricultural productivity and sustainability growth, and sustainable development. Drawing from seven case studies – Chile, Italy, Japan, Namibia, New Zealand, Turkey and the United States – this joint OECD-FAO report argues for a new approach to building resilience to NHID in agriculture. It explores the policy measures, governance arrangements, on-farm strategies and other initiatives that countries are using to increase agricultural resilience to NHID, highlighting emerging good practices. It offers concrete recommendations on what more needs to be done to shift from coping with the impacts of disasters, to an ex ante approach that focuses on preventing and mitigating the impacts of disasters, helping the sector be better prepared to respond to disasters, and to adapt and transform in order to be better positioned for future disasters.

English Also available in: Italian

Building agricultural resilience to animal pests and diseases in Namibia

This case study focuses on Namibia’s ex ante approach for preventing, controlling and managing animal pest and disease outbreaks, which are often exacerbated by climate-related disasters such as floods and droughts. The chapter explores the good practices implemented by Namibia to reduce disaster risks, including: controlling livestock movement through a zoning strategy and movement permits; conducting import risk assessments; disease monitoring and surveillance; an animal identification and traceability system; undertaking annual vaccinations; and contingency plans. By implementing these measures, Namibia more effectively prevents, controls and manages animal disease outbreaks so that people’s food security, incomes and livelihoods are secured; and ensures that Namibia’s meat is disease free and meets safety standards in export markets; and guarantees public health by preventing the transmission of zoonotic diseases between wildlife and livestock, and then to humans.

English Also available in: Italian

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