An Atlas of the Sahara-Sahel

Geography, Economics and Security

image of An Atlas of the Sahara-Sahel

The Sahara-Sahel has seen recurrent episodes of instability. However, the recent Libyan and Malian crises have intensified the level of violence. These episodes have restructured the geopolitical and geographical dynamics of the region. Cross-border or regional, these contemporary crises require new institutional responses. How can countries sharing this space -  Algeria, Libya, Mali, Morocco, Mauritania, Niger, Chad and Tunisia and all related states such as Nigeria - stabilize and develop?

Historically, the Sahara plays an intermediary role between North Africa and sub-Saharan Africa. Commercial and human exchanges are intense and based on social networks that now include trafficking. Understanding their structure, geographical and organizational mobility of criminal groups and migratory movements represents a strategic challenge. This book hopes to address this challenge and stimulate strategies for the Sahel of the European Union, the United Nations, the African Union or ECOWAS (Economic Community of the States of West Africa) in order to foster lasting peace.

The Atlas is based on an analysis of mapped regional security issues and development objectives to open the necessary dialogue between regional and international organizations, governments, researchers and local stakeholders tracks.

English Also available in: French

Migrations and the Sahara

Sahel and West Africa Club

Since the early 1990s, mobility between Sahel and Maghreb countries has become increasingly widespread and diversified. This has set the stage for a common economic and human space developing on the edges of states. Despite gaining significant visibility, Sub-Saharan immigration to the Maghreb is not a focus of public opinion or decision makers. Ignored because of its informality and its initial concentration in Saharan regions or along a few coastal areas of North Africa, Sub-Saharan immigration entered the realm of public debate through its relation to Europe. In light of increasingly rigid European policies, the question of Sub-Saharan migration became a condition of European-Maghreb relations. This situation complicated relations with other African countries.

English Also available in: French

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