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An Appraisal of the Chilean Fisheries Sector

image of An Appraisal of the Chilean Fisheries Sector

Chile is one of the major players in the world fishing scene. But during the past fifty years, Chile has had to face issues of over-investment, sharp declines in catch levels, disputes among stakeholders, fleet downsizing, and aquaculture diseases, among others. This report describes the challenging and complex learning process that the Chilean fisheries and aquaculture sector has undergone and the evolution of its policies and management systems. Governance of the industrial, artisanal and aquaculture industries has followed different paths of policy development and current management reflects the particular pressures confronting each segment of the sector. And policy evolution continues, with a range of initiatives underway to meet the current challenges. The Chilean state has been one of the main forces behind these developments, laying the foundation for a strong and robust fisheries and aquaculture sector.

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Introduction

Chile has experienced significant changes in its fishing and aquaculture activities over the past fifty years and has become a major world player; In 2006, Chile was ranked fifth in terms of production from capture fisheries behind China, Peru, the US, and Indonesia. It is the seventh largest producer of aquaculture products behind China, India, Vietnam, Thailand, Indonesia and Bangladesh. Chile is also a major player in terms of world trade, being the seventh largest exporter behind China, Norway, Thailand, the US, Denmark and Canada.

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