An Appraisal of the Chilean Fisheries Sector

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Chile is one of the major players in the world fishing scene. But during the past fifty years, Chile has had to face issues of over-investment, sharp declines in catch levels, disputes among stakeholders, fleet downsizing, and aquaculture diseases, among others. This report describes the challenging and complex learning process that the Chilean fisheries and aquaculture sector has undergone and the evolution of its policies and management systems. Governance of the industrial, artisanal and aquaculture industries has followed different paths of policy development and current management reflects the particular pressures confronting each segment of the sector. And policy evolution continues, with a range of initiatives underway to meet the current challenges. The Chilean state has been one of the main forces behind these developments, laying the foundation for a strong and robust fisheries and aquaculture sector.

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Fisheries and aquaculture management policies

Chilean fisheries have evolved rapidly over the last 50 years. During this period, all the phases of what might be considered a “normal” path of development have been experienced: high development rates in landings and farming volumes in the early years, followed by overcapitalization in fisheries, overexploitation of the natural resources, bans in certain fisheries, and environmental and sanitary impacts in aquaculture. At the same time, management policies, systems and institutions have evolved to address these challenges and have been adapted to new circumstances in order to improve managerial systems and governance.

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