An Appraisal of the Chilean Fisheries Sector

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Chile is one of the major players in the world fishing scene. But during the past fifty years, Chile has had to face issues of over-investment, sharp declines in catch levels, disputes among stakeholders, fleet downsizing, and aquaculture diseases, among others. This report describes the challenging and complex learning process that the Chilean fisheries and aquaculture sector has undergone and the evolution of its policies and management systems. Governance of the industrial, artisanal and aquaculture industries has followed different paths of policy development and current management reflects the particular pressures confronting each segment of the sector. And policy evolution continues, with a range of initiatives underway to meet the current challenges. The Chilean state has been one of the main forces behind these developments, laying the foundation for a strong and robust fisheries and aquaculture sector.

English Also available in: Spanish


Executive summary

Chile is a major player in the world fishing scene. In 2006, it ranked fifth in the world in terms of production from capture fisheries, seventh with respect to aquaculture production (dominated in Chile by salmon and trout farming), and was the seventh largest exporter of fish and seafood. In the Chilean wild fisheries, the most abundant species are the pelagic species (jack mackerel, sardine, anchovy and “caballa” mackerel) and which are fished primarily by a modern industrial fleet. There is also a large artisanal fleet that has exclusive access rights to waters five miles from the coastline, providing employment and food for many coastal communities.

English Also available in: Spanish

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