Agricultural Policy Monitoring and Evaluation 2022

Reforming Agricultural Policies for Climate Change Mitigation

image of Agricultural Policy Monitoring and Evaluation 2022

This annual report monitors and evaluates agricultural policies in 54 countries, including the 38 OECD countries, the five non-OECD EU Member States, and 11 emerging economies. It finds that the continued rise in agricultural support has been slower than sector growth in recent years, but has been driven to record highs mainly by temporary factors. The share of general services to the sector (including innovation and infrastructure) in total support provided to the sector has decreased to 13%. This year’s report focuses on the potential for agriculture and agricultural policies to contribute to climate change mitigation. It argues that short-term agricultural policy responses to global crises must simultaneously address current challenges and support reforms to combat climate change and distortions in international markets.

English Also available in: French

New Zealand

Since New Zealand’s reform of agricultural policies in the mid-1980s, its production- and trade-distorting policies almost disappeared and support to agricultural producers has been the lowest among OECD countries. Over the past decade, support consistently accounted for less than 1% of farm receipts, with an average 0.8% during 2019-21. Almost all prices align with world market prices. Exceptions are fresh poultry and table eggs, and some bee products, which cannot be imported into New Zealand due to the absence of Import Health Standards (IHS) for these products – the biosecurity standards that products considered to pose a biosecurity risk must meet to be imported. These restrictions result in some market price support (the only form of support to individual commodities in New Zealand), amounting to 15% and 39% of respective gross farm receipts for these commodities in 2019-21, and account for the majority of New Zealand’s low producer support. Support for on-farm services, mainly related to animal health and for disaster relief, provides additional minor producer support.

English Also available in: French


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