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Agricultural Policy Monitoring and Evaluation 2022

Reforming Agricultural Policies for Climate Change Mitigation

image of Agricultural Policy Monitoring and Evaluation 2022

This annual report monitors and evaluates agricultural policies in 54 countries, including the 38 OECD countries, the five non-OECD EU Member States, and 11 emerging economies. It finds that the continued rise in agricultural support has been slower than sector growth in recent years, but has been driven to record highs mainly by temporary factors. The share of general services to the sector (including innovation and infrastructure) in total support provided to the sector has decreased to 13%. This year’s report focuses on the potential for agriculture and agricultural policies to contribute to climate change mitigation. It argues that short-term agricultural policy responses to global crises must simultaneously address current challenges and support reforms to combat climate change and distortions in international markets.

English Also available in: French

United States

Support to agricultural producers in the United States is below the OECD average. Producer support averaged 11% of gross receipts in 2019-21, well below the 20% measured in the mid-1980s and early 2000s, but higher than a decade ago. The share of potentially most-distorting transfers was 25% in 2019‑21, also below the OECD average and half of its peak values. Prices received by farmers in 2019‑21 were 3% higher on average than in world markets, whereas they had been 11% higher in 2000-02. This gap is due to market price support (MPS) from border protections (including tariff rate quotas) for sugar, sheep meat, and milk. Producer prices of most other commodities align with border prices.

English Also available in: French

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