Agricultural Policy Monitoring and Evaluation 2022

Reforming Agricultural Policies for Climate Change Mitigation

image of Agricultural Policy Monitoring and Evaluation 2022

This annual report monitors and evaluates agricultural policies in 54 countries, including the 38 OECD countries, the five non-OECD EU Member States, and 11 emerging economies. It finds that the continued rise in agricultural support has been slower than sector growth in recent years, but has been driven to record highs mainly by temporary factors. The share of general services to the sector (including innovation and infrastructure) in total support provided to the sector has decreased to 13%. This year’s report focuses on the potential for agriculture and agricultural policies to contribute to climate change mitigation. It argues that short-term agricultural policy responses to global crises must simultaneously address current challenges and support reforms to combat climate change and distortions in international markets.

English Also available in: French


In Indonesia, support as a share of gross farm receipts declined from 26.2% in 2015 to 18.0% in 2019-21. This reverses the trend of increases from 7.5% in 2000-02. The largest component is market price support to producers, in line with the government focus on food sovereignty and self-reliance, with programmes aimed at self-sufficiency for several staple products (rice, maize, soybeans, sugar and beef). The share of potentially most-distorting producer transfers was 96% in 2019-21, reflecting the importance of market price support in the Indonesian policy mix (including negative price support for palm oil), but also including payments based on unconstrained variable input use, particularly fertilisers.

English Also available in: French


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