Agricultural Policy Monitoring and Evaluation 2020

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This annual report monitors and evaluates agricultural policies spanning all six continents, including the 37 OECD countries, the five non-OECD EU Member States, and 12 emerging economies. It is a unique source of up-to date estimates of support to agriculture using a comprehensive system of measuring and classifying support to agriculture – the Producer and Consumer Support Estimates (PSEs and CSEs), the General Services Support Estimate (GSSE) and related indicators – which provide insight into the increasingly complex nature of agricultural policy and serve as a basis for OECD’s agricultural policy monitoring and evaluation. Comprehensive country chapters and the Statistical Annex containing detailed background tables with indicators of agricultural support are available in electronic form on the publication website.

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Executive Summary

In 2017-19, the 54 countries covered in this report provided net transfers to their agricultural sectors of USD 619 billion (EUR 542 billion) per year. This report presents recent policy developments and support estimates across all OECD countries, the European Union and thirteen emerging and developing economies in 2019 and early 2020. Colombia became the 37th Member of the OECD in April 2020. In the data aggregates used in this report, however, it is included as one of the 13 Emerging Economies. This report mainly analyses agricultural policies in 2019, while synthesising emerging policy responses to the COVID-19 crisis implemented before the end of April 2020. These net transfers included USD 708 billion (EUR 620 billion) per year of support directed to the agricultural sectors, offset by an implicit taxation of farmers in some countries worth more than USD 89 billion (EUR 78 billion) per year. Of total transfers, USD 425 billion (EUR 373 billion) constituted budgetary spending for various support programmes, the remainder being market price support.

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