Agricultural Policy Monitoring and Evaluation 2020

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This annual report monitors and evaluates agricultural policies spanning all six continents, including the 37 OECD countries, the five non-OECD EU Member States, and 12 emerging economies. It is a unique source of up-to date estimates of support to agriculture using a comprehensive system of measuring and classifying support to agriculture – the Producer and Consumer Support Estimates (PSEs and CSEs), the General Services Support Estimate (GSSE) and related indicators – which provide insight into the increasingly complex nature of agricultural policy and serve as a basis for OECD’s agricultural policy monitoring and evaluation. Comprehensive country chapters and the Statistical Annex containing detailed background tables with indicators of agricultural support are available in electronic form on the publication website.

English Also available in: French


The share of support to agricultural producers in gross farm receipts (%PSE) in the People’s Republic of China (hereafter “China”) has been decreasing gradually since 2016 after two decades of steady growth. The %PSE averaged 13.3% in 2017-19, reflecting policy reforms undertaken with respect to the market intervention systems for soybeans, rapeseed, cotton, and maize, as well as to the minimum purchase price system for wheat and rice. The nominal depreciation of the CNY vis-à-vis the USD since 2014, after a long period of gradual appreciation, has been another factor influencing the evolution of price gaps and thus contributing to stabilising levels of Market Price Support (MPS) in recent years. Payments based on area planted have been consistently increasing since 2014 as a result of the recent reforms, but MPS remains the dominant part of total support, generated through both domestic price support policy and various border measures on imports. MPS levels differ across imported commodities, while prices of exported commodities are not supported. The higher domestic producer prices, on average, indicate an implicit tax imposed on consumers, with a percentage Consumer Support Estimate (%CSE) of -9.9% in 2017-19.

English Also available in: French



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