Agricultural Policy Monitoring and Evaluation 2019

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This annual report monitors and evaluates agricultural policies spanning all 6 continents, including the 36 OECD countries, the 5 non-OECD EU Member States, and 12 emerging economies. It is a unique source of up-to date estimates of support to agriculture using a comprehensive system of measuring and classifying support to agriculture – the Producer and Consumer Support Estimates (PSEs and CSEs), the General Services Support Estimate (GSSE) and related indicators – which provide insight into the increasingly complex nature of agricultural policy and serve as a basis for OECD’s agricultural policy monitoring and evaluation. Comprehensive country chapters and the Statistical Annex containing detailed background tables with indicators of agricultural support are available in electronic form at the publication website.

English Also available in: French


After two decades of gradual growth, the level of support to agricultural producers in the People’s Republic of China (hereafter “China”) has stabilised in recent years with the share of support in gross farm receipts (%PSE) fluctuating in a range of 14-16% in 2016-18. This reflects policy reforms undertaken with respect to the market intervention systems for soybeans, rapeseed, cotton, and maize, as well as to the minimum purchase price system for wheat and rice. The nominal depreciation of the CNY vis-à-vis USD between 2014 and 2017 after a long period of gradual appreciation has been another factor influencing the evolution of price gaps and thus contributing to stabilising levels of Market Price Support (MPS) in recent years. Payments based on area planted have been consistently increasing since 2014 as a result of the recent reforms, but MPS remains the dominant part of total support, generated through both domestic price support policy and various border measures on imports. MPS levels differ across imported commodities, while prices of exported commodities are not supported.

English Also available in: French



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