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Agricultural Policy Monitoring and Evaluation 2019

image of Agricultural Policy Monitoring and Evaluation 2019

This annual report monitors and evaluates agricultural policies spanning all 6 continents, including the 36 OECD countries, the 5 non-OECD EU Member States, and 12 emerging economies. It is a unique source of up-to date estimates of support to agriculture using a comprehensive system of measuring and classifying support to agriculture – the Producer and Consumer Support Estimates (PSEs and CSEs), the General Services Support Estimate (GSSE) and related indicators – which provide insight into the increasingly complex nature of agricultural policy and serve as a basis for OECD’s agricultural policy monitoring and evaluation. Comprehensive country chapters and the Statistical Annex containing detailed background tables with indicators of agricultural support are available in electronic form at the publication website.

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European Union

The European Union has gradually reduced its support to agriculture since the mid-1990s and support to producers as a share of gross farm receipts (%PSE) has stabilised at around 19% since 2010. While price distortions have been significantly reduced, trade protection measures are in place in a number of commodity sectors, including import and export licensing, Tariff Rate Quotas (TRQs) and special safeguards, that lead to higher support when world prices decline. Support linked to production increased in 2018 to its highest level in the past five years, mainly driven by a rise in market price support due to a price gap between domestic and world prices, emphasised by exchange rate movements.

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