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Agricultural Policy Monitoring and Evaluation 2019

image of Agricultural Policy Monitoring and Evaluation 2019

This annual report monitors and evaluates agricultural policies spanning all 6 continents, including the 36 OECD countries, the 5 non-OECD EU Member States, and 12 emerging economies. It is a unique source of up-to date estimates of support to agriculture using a comprehensive system of measuring and classifying support to agriculture – the Producer and Consumer Support Estimates (PSEs and CSEs), the General Services Support Estimate (GSSE) and related indicators – which provide insight into the increasingly complex nature of agricultural policy and serve as a basis for OECD’s agricultural policy monitoring and evaluation. Comprehensive country chapters and the Statistical Annex containing detailed background tables with indicators of agricultural support are available in electronic form at the publication website.

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Japan

Japan has gradually reduced its support to agriculture but the change has been moderate. Support to producers (PSE) remains high and averaged 47% of gross farm receipts in 2016-18. This is down from the 63% thirty years ago (1986-88) but is still 2.5 times higher than the OECD average. Market price support (MPS) remains the main element of producer support, and is mainly sustained by border measures in particular for rice, pork and milk. The share of potentially most distorting form of support (MPS, support based on output and variable input use - without any input constraints) has declined, but it still accounts for 86% of PSE. The share of direct payments decreased in 2018 due largely to the end of rice farm income support. Budgetary support to producers is mostly focusing on area and income based payments.

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