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Agricultural Policy Monitoring and Evaluation 2019

image of Agricultural Policy Monitoring and Evaluation 2019

This annual report monitors and evaluates agricultural policies spanning all 6 continents, including the 36 OECD countries, the 5 non-OECD EU Member States, and 12 emerging economies. It is a unique source of up-to date estimates of support to agriculture using a comprehensive system of measuring and classifying support to agriculture – the Producer and Consumer Support Estimates (PSEs and CSEs), the General Services Support Estimate (GSSE) and related indicators – which provide insight into the increasingly complex nature of agricultural policy and serve as a basis for OECD’s agricultural policy monitoring and evaluation. Comprehensive country chapters and the Statistical Annex containing detailed background tables with indicators of agricultural support are available in electronic form at the publication website.

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Colombia

Colombia’s level of support to producers expressed as a share of gross farm revenues (%PSE) averaged 12.8% over the period 2016-18, below the OECD average. Market price support (MPS) is the main component of the PSE – accounting for more than 87% of the PSE over the period 2016-18. MPS is mostly determined by the use of border measures in the form of flexible tariffs within the Andean Price Band System. These are implemented for several agricultural products including rice, maize, poultry, milk, sugar, and pig meat. Budgetary transfers accounted for the remaining 13% of the producer support estimate during 2016-18 and have been dominated by payments based on variable input use. Budgetary payments to general services directed at the sector as a whole (GSSE), have been relatively small, accounting on average for only 13% of the total support estimate (TSE) and 2.8% of agricultural value added. Expenditures on general services include mainly agricultural research and knowledge transfer; infrastructure, particularly in irrigation; and farm restructuring.

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