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Agricultural Policy Monitoring and Evaluation 2019

image of Agricultural Policy Monitoring and Evaluation 2019

This annual report monitors and evaluates agricultural policies spanning all 6 continents, including the 36 OECD countries, the 5 non-OECD EU Member States, and 12 emerging economies. It is a unique source of up-to date estimates of support to agriculture using a comprehensive system of measuring and classifying support to agriculture – the Producer and Consumer Support Estimates (PSEs and CSEs), the General Services Support Estimate (GSSE) and related indicators – which provide insight into the increasingly complex nature of agricultural policy and serve as a basis for OECD’s agricultural policy monitoring and evaluation. Comprehensive country chapters and the Statistical Annex containing detailed background tables with indicators of agricultural support are available in electronic form at the publication website.

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Kazakhstan

The share of producer support in gross farm income (%PSE) was 3.1% in 2016-18. In 2018, domestic producer prices remain on average below world levels although to a lesser extent than in 2017, leading to a negative aggregate price support (MPS) for several crops Much of the negative price support measured for crops may be related to weak infrastructure rather than to active public policy intervention. Wider price distortions at individual commodity levels offset each other in the aggregate measurement. and an implicit transfer from farmers to consumers as measured by the Consumer Support Estimate. Support to fixed capital formation is a major component of producer support, and accounts for 60% of the budgetary transfers to producers in 2016-18. On average, total support to agriculture growth is in par with economic growth and its share in the economy (%TSE) is stable. The share of general services to the sector (GSSE) in the TSE is stable at around a quarter. Spending on inspection and control, and on the development and maintenance of infrastructure together made up more than 80% of the GSSE expenditure in the past three years.

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