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Agricultural Policy Monitoring and Evaluation 2019

image of Agricultural Policy Monitoring and Evaluation 2019

This annual report monitors and evaluates agricultural policies spanning all 6 continents, including the 36 OECD countries, the 5 non-OECD EU Member States, and 12 emerging economies. It is a unique source of up-to date estimates of support to agriculture using a comprehensive system of measuring and classifying support to agriculture – the Producer and Consumer Support Estimates (PSEs and CSEs), the General Services Support Estimate (GSSE) and related indicators – which provide insight into the increasingly complex nature of agricultural policy and serve as a basis for OECD’s agricultural policy monitoring and evaluation. Comprehensive country chapters and the Statistical Annex containing detailed background tables with indicators of agricultural support are available in electronic form at the publication website.

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Brazil

Brazil provides a low level of support and protection to agriculture, reflecting its position as a competitive exporter. Producer support as a share of gross farm receipts fell from 5.7% to just 2.6% between 2000-02 and 2016-18. Most of the low producer support is provided through market price support and input payments, including concessional credit and crop insurance subsidies. Concessional credit is available for farm marketing and working capital but also for investment fixed capital. Since 2008 all support based on input use is conditional to environmental criteria and on farming practices. While domestic prices were below world prices in the mid-1990s, generating negative market price support (MPS), prices are now almost aligned with the international markets.

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