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Agricultural Policy Monitoring and Evaluation 2019

image of Agricultural Policy Monitoring and Evaluation 2019

This annual report monitors and evaluates agricultural policies spanning all 6 continents, including the 36 OECD countries, the 5 non-OECD EU Member States, and 12 emerging economies. It is a unique source of up-to date estimates of support to agriculture using a comprehensive system of measuring and classifying support to agriculture – the Producer and Consumer Support Estimates (PSEs and CSEs), the General Services Support Estimate (GSSE) and related indicators – which provide insight into the increasingly complex nature of agricultural policy and serve as a basis for OECD’s agricultural policy monitoring and evaluation. Comprehensive country chapters and the Statistical Annex containing detailed background tables with indicators of agricultural support are available in electronic form at the publication website.

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Chile

Chile’s agricultural policies create limited distortions to agricultural markets, as due to the absence of policies supporting prices, there is almost no market price support (MPS) provided to farmers. The support to producers is one of the lowest amongst OECD countries at 2.5% of gross farm receipts (%PSE) in 2016-18. Support to producers is mostly provided to small-scale farmers, mainly in the form of input subsidies, in particular support to fixed capital formation such as farm level irrigation investments, and the provision of public goods. More than a half of public expenditure is financing general services to the sector, being the development and maintenance of infrastructure (particularly off-farm irrigation works); inspection and control; and agricultural knowledge and innovation system the areas that accounted for 96% of these public investments in the period 2016-18.

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