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Agricultural Policy Monitoring and Evaluation 2018

image of Agricultural Policy Monitoring and Evaluation 2018

This report is the 31st in the series of OECD reports that monitor and evaluate agricultural policies across countries, and the 6th report to include all 35 OECD countries, the 6 non-OECD EU Member States and a set of emerging economies: Brazil, the People’s Republic of China, Colombia, Costa Rica, Kazakhstan, the Philippines, the Russian Federation, South Africa, Ukraine and Viet Nam. This annual report is a unique source of up-to-date estimates of support to agriculture and uses a comprehensive system of measuring and classifying support to agriculture – the Producer and Consumer Support Estimates (PSEs and CSEs), the General Services Support Estimate (GSSE) and related indicators. These estimates provide insight into the increasingly complex nature of agricultural policy and serve as a basis for OECD’s agricultural policy monitoring and evaluation. Detailed data and documentation for the calculation of support are available on line www.oecd.org/agriculture/PSE.

Comprehensive country chapters and the Statistical Annex containing detailed background tables with indicators of agricultural support are available in electronic form at the publication website http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/agr_pol-2018-en.

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Kazakhstan

The share of producer support in gross farm income (%PSE) was nearly 6% in 2015-17. In 2017, domestic producer prices remain on average below world levels although to a lesser extent than in 2016, leading to a negative aggregate price support (MPS) Wider price distortions at individual commodity levels offset each other in the aggregate measurement. and an implicit transfer from farmers to consumers as measured by the Consumer Support Estimate. Support to farm investments gains prominence, with its share in budgetary transfers to producers increasing to 60% in 2017 from less than 30% in 2013. On average, total support to agriculture growth is in par with economic growth and its share in the economy (%TSE) is stable. The share of General services to the sector (GSSE) in the TSE is stable at around 22%. Spending on Inspection and control and on development and maintenance of infrastructure together made up more than 80% of the GSSE in the past three years.

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