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Agricultural Policy Monitoring and Evaluation 2018

image of Agricultural Policy Monitoring and Evaluation 2018

This report is the 31st in the series of OECD reports that monitor and evaluate agricultural policies across countries, and the 6th report to include all 35 OECD countries, the 6 non-OECD EU Member States and a set of emerging economies: Brazil, the People’s Republic of China, Colombia, Costa Rica, Kazakhstan, the Philippines, the Russian Federation, South Africa, Ukraine and Viet Nam. This annual report is a unique source of up-to-date estimates of support to agriculture and uses a comprehensive system of measuring and classifying support to agriculture – the Producer and Consumer Support Estimates (PSEs and CSEs), the General Services Support Estimate (GSSE) and related indicators. These estimates provide insight into the increasingly complex nature of agricultural policy and serve as a basis for OECD’s agricultural policy monitoring and evaluation. Detailed data and documentation for the calculation of support are available on line www.oecd.org/agriculture/PSE.

Comprehensive country chapters and the Statistical Annex containing detailed background tables with indicators of agricultural support are available in electronic form at the publication website http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/agr_pol-2018-en.

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Canada

Canada has significantly reduced its agricultural support since the late 1980s. Producer support as a share of gross farm receipts fell sharply between 1986-88 and 1995-97, in large part because market price support (MPS) to the grains industry was discontinued in 1995. The decline in the level of support since then has been more gradual because there have not been any significant policy changes to MPS measures for dairy, poultry, and eggs. Lower levels of disaster payments in recent years and a shift of budgetary expenditures towards general service support to the sector since the mid-1990s have resulted in lower farm income support overall.

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