Agricultural Policy and Trade Reform

Potential Effects at Global, National and Household Levels

image of Agricultural Policy and Trade Reform

Widespread agricultural policy reform would undoubtedly improve global economic welfare but would also produce a complex pattern of economic winners and losers. Using a combination of global, national and household level analysis, this study examines such distributional implications focusing especially on differences in policy effects among countries and between different sectoral and household constituencies within countries.  Case study summaries are included for Brazil, Italy, Malawi, Mexico, and the United States.

English French



Governments of most countries, developed and developing alike, impose tariffs on imports of agricultural goods in order to boost the prices their farmers receive on the domestic market. Some governments, especially those in richer OECD countries, either directly subsidize or by other means encourage exports and provide additional financial help to farmers through direct budgetary payments, concessions on taxes, subsidized credit, fuel and fertilizer.

English French

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error