Agricultural Policy and Trade Reform

Potential Effects at Global, National and Household Levels

image of Agricultural Policy and Trade Reform

Widespread agricultural policy reform would undoubtedly improve global economic welfare but would also produce a complex pattern of economic winners and losers. Using a combination of global, national and household level analysis, this study examines such distributional implications focusing especially on differences in policy effects among countries and between different sectoral and household constituencies within countries.  Case study summaries are included for Brazil, Italy, Malawi, Mexico, and the United States.

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Extent and Composition of Agricultural Support and Trade Protection

A starting point for examining the effects of reform is to consider the existing level and types of support given farmers. The OECD monitors and evaluates trends in both the overall level and the composition of agricultural support in its member countries using the Producer Support Estimate, the PSE, and various subsidiary indicators.

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