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Agricultural Policy and Trade Reform

Potential Effects at Global, National and Household Levels

image of Agricultural Policy and Trade Reform

Widespread agricultural policy reform would undoubtedly improve global economic welfare but would also produce a complex pattern of economic winners and losers. Using a combination of global, national and household level analysis, this study examines such distributional implications focusing especially on differences in policy effects among countries and between different sectoral and household constituencies within countries.  Case study summaries are included for Brazil, Italy, Malawi, Mexico, and the United States.

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Brazil

Concern over the distributional impacts of agricultural and trade policy reforms in Brazil stems from a number of factors. In the first place, Brazil has a large and diversified agriculture with a commercial export-oriented sector co-existing with an underdeveloped family farm sector. The latter is relatively more specialised in import-competing products.

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