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Agricultural Policies in OECD Countries 2007

Monitoring and Evaluation

image of Agricultural Policies in OECD Countries 2007

This book is a unique source of up-to-date estimates of support to agriculture. Separate chapters describe and evaluate agricultural policies in each OECD country, including such important developments as the introduction of the single-payment scheme in the EU. This edition also includes a special chapter describing the revised method of estimating support to agriculture used for the first time in this report.

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Evaluation of Support Policy Developments

This chapter evaluates changes in agricultural support in OECD countries, both in the short term (2006 compared with 2005) and over the longer term (the 2004-06 average compared with the 1986-88 base period). It first discusses the level of support provided to producers at the OECD total level and how this varies between OECD countries. Changes in the composition of support are then considered. This is important because the effects of support on production, trade, income and the environment are related to the way in and conditions under which it is delivered to producers. Finally, the chapter investigates the commodity specificity of how support is provided – to specific commodities, groups of commodities, or any (or no) commodity. Estimates are also provided on the level and composition of support to consumers and to general agricultural services and the total value of support that results from agricultural policies. Finally, some conclusions are drawn about agricultural policy reform progress being made in OECD countries in terms of lowering the level of support, shifting to less production-linked policy measures and increasing the flexibility in commodity production choices available to producers through reducing the commodity-specificity of programmes.

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