1887

Agricultural Policies in Emerging Economies 2009

Monitoring and Evaluation

image of Agricultural Policies in Emerging Economies 2009
This report analyses policy agricultural developments during 2006-08 in seven economies: Brazil, Chile, China, India, Russia, South Africa and Ukraine. This period was marked by a significant increase in world prices for most, but not all, agricultural commodities. Policy responses to rising food prices included tariff reductions, export restrictions, increased minimum prices and price controls, input subsidies, sales of stocks and direct transfers to the most disadvantaged. Other major common policy developments included: expanded government-supported credit facilities and/or debt rescheduling, endeavours to improve the delivery and performance of agricultural policies, extended coverage of insurance programmes and further efforts in land reform. A comprehensive statistical annex containing a wide range of contextual information for these economies is also included in this report.

Estimates of support to agriculture in six economies (India is not yet covered) from 1995 to 2007 are provided, in conformance with recent changes to the OECD measurement methodology. This allows a consistent comparison across emerging economies and with OECD countries in terms of changes in the level and composition of support to producers and the sector as a whole.

English French

.

Executive Summary

This report monitors and evaluates government support to agriculture in seven emerging economies during 2006-08: Brazil, Chile, China, India, Russia, South Africa and Ukraine. While the economic importance of the agricultural sector is falling relative to other sectors in these countries, the sector continues to play a vital role in providing employment and contributing to food security. Although weather conditions can cause large short-term fluctuations, over the longer-term both agricultural production and, in particular, agro-food trade are growing rapidly. Brazil, Chile, India and Ukraine are net exporters of agro-food products, while China and Russia are net importers.

English French

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error