Agricultural Policies in Argentina

image of Agricultural Policies in Argentina

The Food and Agriculture Reviews provide a comprehensive assessment of agricultural policies and calculate a set of policy indicators developed by the OECD. These indicators are regularly used in the analysis of the agriculture and food sector in OECD countries and several emerging economies. This review analyses both the indicators available for Argentina and the main agricultural policy areas, such as trade, innovation, sustainability, risk management and value chains. It also provides a series of policy recommendations.

Argentina’s agricultural sector has undergone a considerable innovation process over the last two decades. This transformation was mostly led by a dynamic and pro-active private sector often subject to policies providing negative support via export restrictions and taxes. The rapid adoption of technologies, such as improved varieties and no-till farming, and organisational innovations have contributed to increasing the Total Factor Productivity of crops. Government focus on providing such general services as research, extension, and animal and plant health has facilitated innovation as has the proactive management of risks by farmers. Nevertheless, environmental pressures are increasing with deforestation and the use of pesticides.

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The Review of Agricultural Policies in Argentina is one in a series of reviews on national agricultural policies undertaken by the OECD Committee for Agriculture (CoAg). It has been prepared by the OECD Trade and Agriculture Directorate in collaboration with the Secretariat of Agroindustry of the Government of Argentina. The Review examines key trends and policy issues that have shaped the development of Argentina’s agricultural sector over the last two decades and presents a quantitative evaluation of support provided through Argentina’s domestic and trade policies. The Review classifies and measures the support provided to agriculture using the methodology that the OECD employs to monitor agricultural policies in all OECD countries and a growing number of non-member economies, including Brazil, the People’s Republic of China, Colombia, Costa Rica, India, Indonesia, Kazakhstan, the Philippines, the Russian Federation, South Africa, Ukraine, and Viet Nam. The Review is the first step in the inclusion of Argentina in the annual OECD Agricultural Policy Monitoring and Evaluation report. The Review also features discussion of issues in the Argentine agriculture sector under the main areas of work of the CoAg, such as innovation, productivity, sustainability, risk management and value chains.

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