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Agricultural Innovation Systems

A Framework for Analysing the Role of the Government

image of Agricultural Innovation Systems

This report reviews recent trends in agricultural innovation systems (AIS) and discusses the impact of a wide range of policies on the creation and diffusion of innovation in the agricultural and agrifood sector. It suggests a framework for analysing the role of governments in fostering increased innovation, with a view to helping to identify practical actions that governments could take to improve productivity growth, sustainable use of resources, and resilience to future market developments in national and global agriculture and agri-food systems.

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Overview of agricultural innovation system developments

This chapter presents an overview of the main trends in Agricultural Innovation Systems (AIS). AIS are diverse, but there are common trends in developed and emerging economies. The scope of innovation has broadened and today AIS include more actors and more diverse institutions. At the international level, a greater number of countries (e.g. Brazil) are active players in agricultural R and D and technology transfers. As such, there is an increased need for interaction not only across components of the AIS, cut also with other innovation sectors and across countries. This is especially the case as budget constraints have been tightened in many countries, while demand for more innovation is growing. This requires stronger governance, planning, priority setting and evaluation mechanisms. This, in turn, has prompted many countries to review their AIS and its performance.

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