Agricultural and Fisheries Policies in Mexico

Recent Achievements, Continuing the Reform Agenda

image of Agricultural and Fisheries Policies in Mexico

This report analyses the effects of Mexico’s ambitious reforms to agricultural and fisheries policies since 1990 and makes recommendations for further reforms. The evaluation is based on criteria for good agricultural and fisheries policy as agreed to by OECD countries. Such criteria, if implemented, would support economically healthy sectors that contribute to the wider economy, respect natural resources and use inputs effectively without resorting to distorting subsidies.

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Main developments in agricultural policies 1990-2006

Since the beginning of the 1990s, Mexico has undertaken an important shift towards market-oriented policies. In particular, there were four major changes in agricultural policies: (1) steps towards commodity market liberalisation, (2) introduction of a new payment tied to historical entitlement to support income, (3) steps toward deregulation of inputs markets, with greater support for introducing and using technical improvements, and (4) reform to the land tenure system. Many agricultural policies, before and after the start of the reform period, are to spur economic development in rural areas and to limit migration on the one hand, and to increase productivity of individuals and of the sector on the other.


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