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Agricultural and Fisheries Policies in Mexico

Recent Achievements, Continuing the Reform Agenda

image of Agricultural and Fisheries Policies in Mexico

This report analyses the effects of Mexico’s ambitious reforms to agricultural and fisheries policies since 1990 and makes recommendations for further reforms. The evaluation is based on criteria for good agricultural and fisheries policy as agreed to by OECD countries. Such criteria, if implemented, would support economically healthy sectors that contribute to the wider economy, respect natural resources and use inputs effectively without resorting to distorting subsidies.

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Background on the fisheries and aquaculture sector

Bordered by the Pacific Ocean, the Gulf of Mexico and the Caribbean Sea, Mexico has a rich biological diversity in its marine areas and inland waters. Along Mexico's coastline, tropical and subtropical marine currents favour the existence of a wide variety of fishery resources, many of which command high commercial values. The regions in which marine fishing takes place in Mexico are characterised by a high diversity in terms of bio-geographical factors and social aspects, reflecting strong regional differences. Figure 9.1 provides an overview of the marine biodiversity in different areas of the marine environment of Mexico. The coastal lagoons, reservoirs and ponds of the inland areas support important wild capture and aquaculture production activities.

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