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Agricultural and Fisheries Policies in Mexico

Recent Achievements, Continuing the Reform Agenda

image of Agricultural and Fisheries Policies in Mexico

This report analyses the effects of Mexico’s ambitious reforms to agricultural and fisheries policies since 1990 and makes recommendations for further reforms. The evaluation is based on criteria for good agricultural and fisheries policy as agreed to by OECD countries. Such criteria, if implemented, would support economically healthy sectors that contribute to the wider economy, respect natural resources and use inputs effectively without resorting to distorting subsidies.

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Aquaculture sector policy

Aquaculture is a relatively recent industry in Mexico and is still considered to be at a development stage. However, there is a high degree of optimism about the prospects for growth in the sector, particularly for high value species such as shrimp. Mexico is wellendowed with coastal lagoons (156 710 km2), rivers and inland lakes, many of which are characterized by high productivity and are suitable for aquaculture. According to the National Fisheries Chart, a total of 64 species were cultured in Mexico in 2003 (Table 12.1).Most of these are freshwater fish, followed by freshwater and marine molluscs, although marine crustaceans (shrimp) is the main high value species.

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