Agricultural and Fisheries Policies in Mexico

Recent Achievements, Continuing the Reform Agenda

image of Agricultural and Fisheries Policies in Mexico

This report analyses the effects of Mexico’s ambitious reforms to agricultural and fisheries policies since 1990 and makes recommendations for further reforms. The evaluation is based on criteria for good agricultural and fisheries policy as agreed to by OECD countries. Such criteria, if implemented, would support economically healthy sectors that contribute to the wider economy, respect natural resources and use inputs effectively without resorting to distorting subsidies.

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Agricultural policy transfers and welfare effects

The OECD provides estimates of the support generated by agricultural policies. These data include estimates of the transfers from consumers and taxpayers to producers, from taxpayers to consumers, and from taxpayers to the overall sector that can be presented on an absolute or on a relative basis, depending on the purpose. The data can be disaggregated according to the basis of payments — whether linked to production, to land or to some other criterion — to understand better how the reforms have led to a reinstrumentation of support. This chapter presents these data for Mexico in order to assess the changing level and composition of support provided to producers, to consumers and to the sector overall during the reform period.


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