Urban Transport Governance and Inclusive Development in Korea

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28 Mar 2017
9789264272637 (PDF) ;9789264272613(print)

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This report analyses the relationship between urban transport and inclusive development in Korea. First, it looks at how Korea is shifting from car-centered transport towards people-centered mobility. It discusses opportunities and challenges posed by current urban transport arrangements in Korea, and proposes options for improving urban transport governance. Second, the report uses advanced data analysis and space syntax methods to examine how accessibility to public transport shapes inclusiveness in Korean metropolitan areas. Third, it analyses public transport in four selected Korean cities (Seoul, Suwon, Changwon and Sejong), which offer interesting insights into how public transport policies can be tailored to local socio-economic profiles and urban landscapes.

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  • Foreword

    Urban transport can play a significant role in promoting inclusive growth in cities by facilitating and broadening access to socio-economic opportunities. In Korea, as in other OECD countries, there is scope for making urban transport more inclusive and more sustainable, both from a financial and an environmental point of view.

  • Acronyms and abbreviations
  • Executive summary
  • Assessment and recommendations
  • Towards a more effective governance of urban transport in Korea

    This chapter describes how transport helped shape Korea’s fast-paced urbanisation and how improving transport governance could contribute to building more efficient, sustainable and inclusive cities in Korea. First, it shows that Korea’s priorities for urban transport are shifting from car-centred towards people-centred mobility, as illustrated both in central and local government strategies. Second, it discusses opportunities and challenges in Korea’s current institutional and financial arrangements for urban transport. Finally, it offers insights on four proposed options for strengthening urban transport governance in Korea.

  • Urban public transport accessibility and inclusive growth in Korea

    This chapter examines the level of accessibility to public transport in Korean metropolitan areas and how inclusive it is. First, it introduces the research methodology. Second, it discusses the results of data analysis for all Territorial Level 3 (TL3) regions in Korea. Finally, it presents the results of a further analysis, called space syntax, which overlays street networks with public transport networks.

  • Spotlight on four Korean cities

    This chapter provides an in-depth analysis of public transport in four Korean cities: Seoul, Suwon, Changwon and Sejong. It explores each city’s strengths and challenges in terms of public transport policy, with an analysis of accessibility and inclusiveness when available.

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