Population by region

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The OECD regional typology takes into account geographical differences and enables meaningful comparisons between regions belonging to the same type. Regions are classified as: predominantly rural, intermediate, or predominantly urban, based on the percentage of population living in local rural units. This typology has been refined by introducing a distance criterion, measured in the driving time to the nearest large urban centre. Thus, a predominantly rural region will be classified as a "predominantly rural remote region" if a certain percentage of its population needs more than a fixed time to reach the nearest large urban centre; otherwise, the rural region is classified as "predominantly rural close to a city". This extended typology has been applied to North America, Europe and Japan.

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Keywords:  urban population, rural population, region population, metropolitain population, regional demographics

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  • National population distribution

    National population distribution is defined as the allocation of inhabitants in a given country.
  • Urban population by city size

    Urban population by city size is determined by population density and commuting patterns; this better reflects the economic function of cities in addition to their administrative boundaries.
  • National area distribution

    National area distribution is defined as the classification of a given country into urban, intermediate and rural regions.
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