OECD Territorial Reviews

English
ISSN: 
1990-0759 (online)
ISSN: 
1990-0767 (print)
DOI: 
10.1787/19900759
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This series offers analysis and policy guidance to national and subnational governments seeking to strengthen territorial development policies and governance. These reviews are part of a larger body of OECD work on regional development that addresses the territorial dimension of a range of policy challenges, including governance, innovation, urban development and rural policy. This work includes both thematic reports and reports on specific countries or regions.

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OECD Territorial Reviews: Sweden 2017

OECD Territorial Reviews: Sweden 2017

Monitoring Progress in Multi-level Governance and Rural Policy You do not have access to this content

English
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    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/0417031e.pdf
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Author(s):
OECD
08 Mar 2017
Pages:
220
ISBN:
9789264268883 (PDF) ;9789264268876(print)
DOI: 
10.1787/9789264268883-en

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Sweden has long given priority to promoting both sustainable economic growth in its regions and equity among them. This report looks at the progress Sweden has made in its regional growth policy, multi-level governance system and rural policy. It also takes a more in-depth look at two topics of increasing importance: whether rural Sweden has been “left behind”, and issues of regional and municipal governance. The report suggests steps Sweden can take to address its regional and rural policy challenges. It also assesses to what degree Sweden has implemented the recommendations made in the 2010 OECD Territorial Review of Sweden.

 

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  • Foreword and acknowledgements

    Policies for economic growth, jobs, human capital and environmental sustainability have greater impact when they recognise the different economic and social realities where people live and work. National governments are thus challenged to rethink how to harness the potential of different types of cities and regions to prepare for the future.

  • Country profile of Sweden
  • Executive summary

    Sweden’s deep-rooted commitment to equity and inclusive development is well recognised. Among OECD members, it consistently ranks in the top third in terms of gross domestic product (GDP) per capita, and it maintains one of the lowest GINI indices of regional disparity in GDP per capita. Sweden, however, also faces regional-level challenges experienced in other OECD countries, such as an ageing population, internal migration and an influx of foreign migrants, including refugees. In addition, its rural areas are feeling “left behind”– not only in their development but also in the government discourse.

  • Background on the Territorial Review

    In 2009, the OECD conducted a territorial review of Sweden at the request of the Swedish Ministry of Enterprise, Industry and Communication (known in 2016 as the Ministry of Enterprise and Innovation). This resulted in the review, OECD Territorial Reviews: Sweden 2010, published in February 2010, which focused on: 1) the trends, achievements and challenges of regional development in Sweden; 2) how to exploit cross-sector synergies through regional policy in Sweden; 3) how multi-level governance arrangements could support more effective regional development.

  • Assessment and recommendations

    Sweden’s deep-rooted commitment to inclusive growth combined with territorial equity is well recognised, and the country has demonstrated its resilience in the global economic turmoil of the late 2000s. The Swedish economy recovered quickly from the 2008-09 financial crisis, and today it is one of the few countries where the gross domestic product (GDP) per capita (USD 46 974 in 2014) is higher than in the pre-crisis period, and is currently 17% higher than the OECD average. Employment is also growing, by about 1% per year since 2010, and labour force participation is the highest in the European Union.

  • Progress in implementing the recommendations of the 2010 OECD Territorial Review of Sweden

    This chapter is the “monitoring” component of this review. It features the activity surrounding Sweden’s implementation or partial implementation of over 50% of the recommendations made in OECD Territorial Reviews: Sweden 2010 and the ongoing implementation initiatives linked to an additional 30%. It highlights socio-economic and well-being dimensions of regional development in the 2010-15 period; examines the advances Sweden has made in its regional growth policy, including how it addresses continual pressures from changing demographics; and offers insight into the evolution of Sweden’s “hourglass”-shaped multi-level governance structures. The chapter sets the stage for this review’s subsequent chapters, which offer a more in-depth examination of rural development and the multi-level governance architecture.

  • Improving rural policy development in Sweden

    The purpose of this chapter is to provide recommendations about how to improve Sweden’s rural policy framework. The chapter begins with an analysis of rural definitions in Sweden and, drawing on the OECD typology, suggests a way forward for applying a commonly agreed definition for rural policy decision making. The second part of the chapter assesses the growth of Sweden’s rural regions, and in particular the role of the tradeable sector in influencing growth performance. The third part of the chapter examines the key elements of a new rural policy for Sweden and how to improve the governance of rural and regional policies. The final section of the chapter suggests some principles and directions for future rural policy development in Sweden.

  • Reforming the Swedish hourglass: More than just boundaries

    This chapter offers a diagnosis of Sweden’s multi-level governance challenges in 2016, focusing on subnational organisation, tasks, and financing. It examines how regional governance objectives and public investment can be better supported through even greater co-ordination, and it identifies some of the benefits as well as the challenges presented by the regional reform currently under discussion. The chapter concludes with a detailed summary of findings and recommendations for action. The aim is to provide policy support and recommendations for Sweden as it fine tunes its regional governance practices.

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