OECD Territorial Reviews

1990-0759 (online)
1990-0767 (print)
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This series offers analysis and policy guidance to national and subnational governments seeking to strengthen territorial development policies and governance. These reviews are part of a larger body of OECD work on regional development that addresses the territorial dimension of a range of policy challenges, including governance, innovation, urban development and rural policy. This work includes both thematic reports and reports on specific countries or regions.

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OECD Territorial Reviews: Hungary 2001

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05 Oct 2001
9789264195509 (PDF) ;9789264195318(print)

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OECD's territorial review of Hungary. It finds that ater a period of decline Hungary has returned on a satisfactory growth track. However, benefit and cost have not been evenly distributed during the transition. This report points to the persisting disparities between the West and the East, the capital and the periphery and urban and rural areas. It analyses numerous spatial, economic and social issues including transportation priorities, clustering of regional capacities, cross-border co-operation, the links between foreign investment and endogenous activities and social policies decentralisation. The review emphasizes the need to better articulate the territorial policy framework with those of the EU and proposes recommendations in order to streamline the institutional system and reinforce the subnational levels.
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Table of Contents

Assessment and Recommendations
Chapter 1. Transition and Territorial Disparities
-Macroeconomic Situation
-Economic Trends and Empirical Evidence of Spatial Disparities
-Some Factors Explaining the New Pattern of Territorial Disparities
-Main Consequences of Economic Trends on Social Cohesion
-Principle Forms of Spatial Disparities
Chapter 2. Spatial Policies
-Reducing the Gap in Transport and Communications Infrastructures
-Enhancing Regional Environmental Quality and Decentralising Responsibilities
-Urban and Rural Aspects
-Conclusions and Recommendations
Chapter 3. Economic Development Policies
-Spatial Redistribution versus Regional Competitiveness
-Development Based on Exogenous Investments
-Development Policies Based on Endogenous Investments
-Challenges Linking the Foreign and Domestic Sectors
-Conclusions and Recommendations
Chapter 4. Social Policies
-Living Conditions and Quality of Life
-Social Welfare Policies
-Education and Employment Policies
-The Roma Minority: A Special Case
-Conclusions and Recommendations
Chapter 5. Institutional Reform, Regional Policy, and Fiscal Decentralisation
-The Framework of Hungarian Territorial Governance
-Regional Policy Framework
-Decentralisation and Regional Policy in Hungary: An Uneven Evolution
-Fiscal Federalism and Territorial Development: An Advanced,but Unfinished Agenda
-Conclusions and Recommendations
Chapter 6. Hungarian Regional Policy and EU Accession
-PHARE Framework and Pre-Accession Context
-EU Compatibility
-Conclusions and Recommendations
Chapter 7. Budapest: Governance in a Politically Fragmented Area
-Agglomeration Growth and Suburbanisation
-Intra-City Administrative Fragmentation
-Conclusions and Recommendations

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