OECD Reviews of Regional Innovation

1997-6585 (online)
1997-6577 (print)
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These reviews of regional innovation examine issues connected to innovation as the regional level as well as reviews of innovation policy for specific regions.
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OECD Reviews of Regional Innovation: Central and Southern Denmark 2012

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10 Aug 2012
9789264178748 (PDF) ;9789264178731(print)

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This book examines regional innovation in central and southern Denmark, looking at its role in the economy, its governance and policy context and regional strategies for innovation driven growth.
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  • Foreword and acknowledgements

    Strong dynamics of innovation generation in regions are crucial for achieving national innovation policy objectives. In addition, innovation performance can contribute to improving the overall economic competitiveness of individual regions. Policy recommendations are therefore being sought by national science and technology and regional policy actors, as well as by the regions themselves.

  • Acronyms
  • Assessment and recommendations

    The OECD Regional Outlook (2011) highlights that while often policies support growth in the large hub regions of a country, more of aggregate OECD growth comes from the other regions collectively (approximately two-thirds). For example, Central and Southern Denmark combined contributed more to Denmark’s GDP growth (1998-2008) than did the Capital Region (42.7% versus 37.3%). In the context of Denmark’s slowed productivity growth, spatially blind policies may not address the complementarities of the different growth drivers in each region. Therefore efforts to strengthen both the capacity for national policies to facilitate these complementarities, as well as the ability of the regions themselves to support strengths and remove bottlenecks, contribute to national growth goals.

  • Introduction

    In the context of crisis recovery, countries and regions seek to boost growth with increasingly limited public spending. They are also seeking to promote sustainable development, taking into consideration new approaches to economic challenges. Many countries and regions strive to promote not only economic efficiency, but also social issues so as to not exacerbate inequalities, as well as environmental factors to ensure resources for the future. Conditions for a better life vary within the same country. Regions are therefore the "places" where policies come together. Place-based approaches, such as those promoted by regional development policy and regions themselves, can bring out the complementarities that mutually reinforce these three goals. Place-based approaches are a complement to, not a substitute for, economy-wide and people-centred policies.

  • Innovation and the economies of central and southern Denmark

    Central and Southern Denmark Regions are in a knowledge-intensive country suffering from lagging productivity growth. This chapter first considers the national context for regional performance. It then reviews the demographic and economic trends of each region. Their economic and innovation performance is assessed within an OECD context and with respect to relevant peer groups. The chapter concludes with a discussion of areas of potential for innovation.

  • Danish governance and policy context for regional strategies

    The relatively new regions in Denmark, mainly responsible for health care, are tasked with regional economic development to promote growth. This chapter first considers the mandates and institutions associated with the regional authorities. It then reviews the regional development policy context as well as that of national innovation and business development policies. The regional role in a multi-level governance context of municipalities, central government, and the EU is discussed. The chapter then explores the governance challenges of co-ordination within the region (among municipalities), with central government, and with other regions in Denmark and beyond to best achieve national and regional growth goals.

  • Regional strategies for innovation-driven growth

    What strategies and actions are being taken by the Regions of Central and Southern Denmark to promote innovation-driven growth? This chapter reviews the regional business development strategies and associated policy mix, particularly in light of EU expectations for smart specialisation strategies. The prioritised industrial sectors for regional action are discussed in depth. Other bottlenecks for regional growth are highlighted. Finally, the state of policy intelligence, monitoring and evaluation to inform the development of these strategies and projects is addressed.

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