OECD Green Growth Studies

English
ISSN: 
2222-9523 (online)
ISSN: 
2222-9515 (print)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/22229523
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The OECD Green Growth Strategy aims to provide concrete recommendations and measurement tools, including indicators, to support countries’ efforts to achieve economic growth and development, while ensuring that natural assets continue to provide the resources and environmental services on which well-being relies. The strategy proposes a flexible policy framework that can be tailored to different country circumstances and stages of development.

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Green Growth in Hai Phong, Viet Nam

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English
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    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/0416071e.pdf
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Author(s):
OECD
18 Nov 2016
Pages:
160
ISBN:
9789264260207 (PDF) ;9789264260160(print)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/9789264260207-en

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This report examines the green growth potential and identifies best practices for policy and governance as well as ways to strengthen current practices. As the third largest city in Vietnam, Hai Phong’s economy is growing remarkably at an average rate of 8.7% (2015) in tandem with the growth of the Hai Phong Port. Economic growth and urbanisation, however, have posed serious environmental challenges, including: increased greenhouse gas emissions from industry and transport; rapid depletion of underground water sources; pollution of water sources from untreated commercial, medical, domestic and agricultural waste water; and inefficient waste management, where less than 10% of domestic waste is composted and recyclable materials are mixed with other waste and landfilled. Furthermore, Hai Phong ranks among the 20 cities most vulnerable to costal flooding due to climate change. Nevertheless, there is much untapped potential for green growth in Viet Nam and Hai Phong city. The ultimate goal is to build a stronger, more resilient and greener city.

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  • Foreword and acknowledgements

    Urban green growth policies encourage economic development while reducing either negative environmental externalities (for example, air pollution and carbon dioxide emissions that arise from urban activities) or the consumption of natural resources and environmental assets, including water, energy and undeveloped land. This report analyses the economic and environmental performance of Hai Phong, Viet Nam. It assesses its policies and governance practices to promote green growth, and provides recommendations to enhance its green growth potential.

  • Acronyms and abbreviations
  • Executive summary

    This report analyses the economic and environmental performance of Hai Phong, Viet Nam. It assesses its policies and governance practices to promote green growth, and provides recommendations to enhance its green growth potential. Urban green growth policies encourage economic development while reducing either negative environmental externalities (for example, air pollution and carbon dioxide emissions that arise from urban activities) or the consumption of natural resources and environmental assets, including water, energy and undeveloped land.

  • Economic and environmental performance in Hai Phong

    Chapter 1 examines the economic and environmental performance of the Hai Phong metropolitan region. After the introductory section, the second section, on the socio-economic profile of the metropolitan area, explains how urbanisation has affected economic activity, poverty, social equity and living conditions. It includes an assessment of: i) demographic changes, ii) economic performance and diversity and iii) long-term challenges for growth. The third section addresses environmental challenges and the potential for green growth. It analyses the environmental performance of the city and suggests opportunities for green growth. It includes an assessment of: i) energy performance, ii) transport and landuse trends, iii) challenges on water supply and wastewater treatment and solid waste management systems, and iv) the risk of floods. The last section analyses the local government system in Viet Nam and the institutional profile of the metropolitan area.

  • Hai Phong's opportunities for green growth

    Chapter 2 reviews current policies in Hai Phong in the following six areas: energy, land use and transport, housing and buildings, water resource management, solid waste management and green manufacturing. The analysis focuses on the following: 1) Current policies in each area. This will give more precise information on the actions taken by various authorities, and the policy instruments and tools used to reach goals in each of these areas. It helps to identify gaps between existing opportunities and policy responses. 2) Policy outcomes. Where data were available, the impact of each policy was analysed to assess its effectiveness and to identify options for improvement. 3) Policy synergies and complementarities. To strengthen the impact of urban green growth policies, it is important to assess the extent to which Hai Phong has integrated areas of opportunity into coherent and effective policy packages. The results present several clear opportunities for green growth and call for urgent policy action.

  • Green Growth in the port of Hai Phong

    Chapter 3 examines the green growth performance of the Port of Hai Phong. The port is a major driver of Hai Phong’s growth, thanks to the trade and economic activities it generates not only locally but regionally. In addition, the port is currently experiencing rapid growth, which means increasing maritime and industrial activities, demand for infrastructure, potential environmental challenges and exposing an increasing number of assets to risk. This chapter is structured into the following four sections: 1) An introduction to the growth context of port activity in Southeast Asia and Hai Phong 2) Boosting the international competitiveness of the Port of Hai Phong 3) Greening the activities of the Port of Hai Phong 4) Making the Port of Hai Phong resilient to natural disaster risk. This chapter benefited from discussions at the fourth OECD Knowledge-Sharing Workshop on Urban Green Growth in Dynamic Asia, held in Hai Phong on 25-27 June 2015 and supported by the OECD Knowledge Sharing Alliance.

  • Adjusting urban governance for green growth in Hai Phong

    Chapter 4 examines urban governance for green growth in Hai Phong and is structured into the following six sections: 1) Introduction: The governance context in Viet Nam 2) Co-ordination mechanisms between government bodies 3) Financing mechanisms 4) Administrative capacity 5) Mechanisms to engage citizens and civil society 6) International co-operation.

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