OECD Green Growth Studies

English
ISSN: 
2222-9523 (online)
ISSN: 
2222-9515 (print)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/22229523
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The OECD Green Growth Strategy aims to provide concrete recommendations and measurement tools, including indicators, to support countries’ efforts to achieve economic growth and development, while ensuring that natural assets continue to provide the resources and environmental services on which well-being relies. The strategy proposes a flexible policy framework that can be tailored to different country circumstances and stages of development.

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Green Growth in Cebu, Philippines

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English
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    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/8517021e.pdf
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Author(s):
OECD
04 Oct 2017
Pages:
192
ISBN:
9789264277991 (PDF) ;9789264277984(print)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/9789264277991-en

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Urban green growth policies encourage economic development while reducing negative environmental externalities and the consumption of natural resources and environmental assets. This report is the fourth case study in the OECD Urban Green Growth in Dynamic Asia project. It explores policies and governance systems to promote green growth in  Metro Cebu, Philippines, and provides recommendations for enhancing Cebu’s green growth potential.
 
Metro Cebu is the second most populated urban area of the Philippines after Metro Manila. Its economic growth has been impressive. However, it faces many challenges that hinder its sustainable growth in areas such as land use and the provision of basic urban services – transportation, energy, solid waste, and water security. Ongoing development offers numerous opportunties for the metro area to shift towards the cleaner sustainable model which the concept of green growth offers. 
 

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  • Foreword and acknowledgements

    This publication is the result of a study on urban green growth in Cebu, Philippines. It analyses the economic and environmental performance of Cebu, assesses the policies and governance practices that can promote green growth, and provides recommendations to enhance Cebu’s green growth potential. Metro Cebu, the second most populated urban area of the Philippines, has been growing faster than any other city in the country. However, despite this economic growth, Metro Cebu still faces many challenges that hinder its green growth. Changing land-use patterns and a growing population have severely strained local infrastructure and the provision of basic urban services, especially water supply, which will be tackled with a special focus in this report. Metro Cebu also faces several natural disasters risks, like floods and earthquakes. Still, the implementation of appropriate policy frameworks is impaired by a lack of both vertical and horizontal co-operation in the metropolitan governance. All these challenges will need to be addressed to build a more sustainable, resilient and greener city.

  • Acronyms and abbreviations
  • Executive summary

    Urban green growth policies encourage economic development while minimising either negative environmental externalities or the unsustainable consumption of natural resources and environmental assets. Cities play a critical role in national growth, but also generate negative externalities, and thus must be part of national solutions to stimulate growth and address climate change.

  • The economic, social and environmental performance of the Cebu metropolitan area, Philippines

    Chapter 1 examines Metro Cebu’s economic and environmental performance. The first section introduces Metro Cebu’s geographic and demographic characteristics. The second section focuses on Cebu’s socio-economic growth and includes an assessment of: 1) economic performance and structure; 2) foreign direct investment and infrastructure; 3) skills and inequality; and 4) shifting sectorial employment. The third section discusses environmental trends and green growth challenges across six primary sectors. It includes an assessment of: 1) land-use and transport; 2) air pollution; 3) energy performance; 4) CO2 emissions; 5) water supply and wastewater treatment, in addition to solid waste management; and 6) urban resilience. The final section outlines how Cebu is governed.

  • Opportunities for green growth in Cebu, Philippines

    Chapter 2 reviews current policies in Cebu in the following four thematic areas: land use and transport, solid waste management, green manufacturing and energy. Water resource management will be discussed in depth in Chapter 3. The analysis focuses on the following: 1) Current policies in each area. This will give more precise information on the actions taken by various authorities and the policy instruments and tools used to reach goals in each of these areas. It helps to identify gaps between existing opportunities and policy responses. 2) Policy outcomes. Where data were available, the impact of each policy is analysed to assess its effectiveness and to identify options for improvement. 3) Policy synergies and complementarities. To strengthen the impact of urban green growth policies, it is important to assess the extent to which Cebu has integrated areas of opportunity into coherent and effective policy packages. The results present several clear opportunities for green growth and call for urgent policy actions.

  • Water security and green growth in Cebu, Philippines

    Chapter 3 examines water security and its potential benefits for green growth in the Province of Cebu. This chapter is structured into the following four sections: 1) Water security issues in Metro Cebu; 2) Water supply and sanitation; 3) Urban resilience to floods; and 4) Water governance. This chapter benefited from discussions at the 5th OECD Knowledge-Sharing Workshop on Urban Green Growth in Dynamic Asia, held in Cebu on 9-10 December 2015 and supported by the OECD Knowledge Sharing Alliance.

  • Governance for green growth in Cebu, Philippines

    Chapter 4 examines governance strategies to tackle green growth implementation in the Province of Cebu. This chapter is structured into the following four sections: 1) Enhancing vertical and horizontal policy co-ordination between government bodies; 2) Financing urban green growth; 3) Optimising the impacts of international co-operation for urban green growth; and 4) Enhancing local governments’ capacities to undertake urban green growth.

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