Governance of Land Use in Poland

Governance of Land Use in Poland

The Case of Lodz You do not have access to this content

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Author(s):
OECD
12 Aug 2016
Pages:
116
ISBN:
9789264260597 (PDF) ;9789264260535(print)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/9789264260597-en

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Lodz – the third largest city in Poland – is undertaking several major projects that have the potential to significantly reinvigorate the economy. Following the collapse of its traditional manufacturing industries in the late 1990s, Lodz went through a period of economic decline. A series of infrastructure investments and new developments are presently transforming its city centre and increasing its transportation connectivity. Coherent land-use practices across the areas where people live and work will be critical for the city and its surrounding communities to develop in a socially, environmentally, and fiscally sustainable way. This case study of the governance of land use in Lodz illustrates many promising practices and offers guidance on how to make the governance structure and planning system more coherent and robust both in Lodz, and in Poland more generally. This is the first in a series of five case studies on the governance of land use, which will culminate in a synthesis report to be published in 2017.

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  • Mark Click to Access
  • Foreword and acknowledgements

    How land is used affects a wide range of factors – from day-to-day quality of life factors such as the availability of food and clean water and the length of daily commutes, to the long-term sustainability of urban and rural communities, including the possibility for climate change adaptation and mitigation. How governments regulate land use and address public and private investment, how competencies are allocated across levels of government, and how land use is taxed, is critical.

  • Acronyms and abbreviations
  • Executive summary

    This case study of the governance of land use in ód illustrates many promising practices and offers guidance on how to make the governance structure and planning system more coherent and robust both in ód and in Poland more generally. ód , the third-largest city in Poland, is presently undertaking several major projects that have the potential to significantly reinvigorate the economy after a period of economic decline following the collapse of its traditional manufacturing industries in the late 1990s. A raft of infrastructure investments and new developments are transforming its city centre and increasing its transportation connectivity. Coherent land-use practices across the areas where people live and work will be critical in order for the city and its surrounding communities to develop in a socially, environmentally and fiscally sustainable way.

  • Assessment and recommendations

    In the late 1980s Poland transitioned from a centrally planned socialist state to a democratic market economy. Thus began a series of reforms that have significantly altered both spatial policy and the governance of land use in the country. Private land tenure was introduced and a new regulatory framework was established alongside decentralisation reforms.

  • Spatial planning in Poland

    This introductory chapter details the spatial planning framework in Poland, including the roles and responsibilities of different levels of government, the types of plans at each scale, and the nature of local government revenues. It sets the scene for the case of ód that follows in Chapter 2.

  • The governance of land use in Łódź

    This chapter details the major land-use challenges in ód along with how land uses are governed and regulated. It starts by describing the city’s demography and economy and how they have changed over time along with a description of the built environment and major land-use pressures. This is followed a discussion of the governance arrangements and the planning tools at the city’s disposal to shape land uses and the pattern of incentives and disincentives that they create along with other regulatory measures. The relationship between ód and its rural environs is explored and finally, the major land-use issues and challenges facing the city are presented.

  • Towards more effective and inclusive land-use governance in Łódź

    This final chapter offers an assessment of how land is governed in ód and recommendations on how to improve upon the present system. It assesses the multi-level system of spatial planning and capacity at the local level. It analyses the various instruments for land-use planning and how they work together, and notes the instruments that are not presently being used, but potentially could be. Following this, some of the major issues facing the area are discussed, including how to more effectively co-ordinate with surrounding rural municipalities, engage citizens in participatory planning, and address the tandem challenges of depopulation and sprawl.

  • Glossary
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