Yearbook of the United Nations

English
Frequency
Annual
ISSN: 
2412-1541 (online)
http://dx.doi.org/10.18356/e16d9b7f-en
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The Yearbook of the United Nations—published by the Department of Public Information—stands as the authoritative reference work on the activities and concerns of the Organization. Based on official UN documents, the Yearbookprovides comprehensive coverage of political and security matters, human rights issues, economic and social questions, legal issues, and institutional, administrative and budgetary matters.
 
Yearbook of the United Nations 1986

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English
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Author(s):
UN
31 Dec 1986
Pages:
1289
ISBN:
9789210601764 (PDF)
http://dx.doi.org/10.18356/597efa51-en

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The principal reference work of the United Nations providing a comprehensive, one-volume account of the Organization’s work along with information on the work of each specialized agency in the United Nations’ family.

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  • Expand / Collapse Hide / Show all Abstracts United Nations

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    • Report of the Secretary-General on the work of the Organization

      Following is the Secretary-General’s report on the work of the Organization, submitted to the General Assembly and dated 9 September 1986. The Assembly took note of it on 3 November (decision 41/410).

    • Political and security questions

      The year 1986 was marked by intense disarmament activity, both within and outside the United Nations, largely continued from the previous year, or earlier in the case of most international and multilateral efforts.

    • Economic and social questions

      The failure of the economic recovery in the developed economies to spread to the developing countries was examined by several United Nations bodies during 1986. The continued overall net transfer of resources from developing to developed countries, largely related to the international debt crisis, was increasingly perceived as unsustainable, economically as well as politically. During discussions on the world economic situation and in major economic reports, the importance of the interrelationship between the issues of money, finance, resource flows, debt, trade, raw materials and development was stressed.

    • Trusteeship and decolonization

      In 1986, the General Assembly’s Special Committee on the Situation with regard to the Implementation of the Declaration on the Granting of Independence to Colonial Countries and Peoples (Committee on colonial countries) continued to consider the implementation by international organizations of the Assembly’s 1960 Declaration as well as foreign economic and military interests impeding its implementation.

    • Legal questions

      In 1986, the International Court of Justice (ICJ) considered live contentious cases, remained seized of a request for an advisory opinion and delivered two Judgments and three Orders. In November, the General Assembly urged immediate compliance with the Court’s 1986 Judgment in the case of military and paramilitary activities in and against Nicaragua (resolution 41/31) (see also considered various aspects of the matter in 1984 and 1985.

    • Administrative and budgetary questions

      During 1986, the United Nations struggled to overcome a severe financial crisis, characterized by the Secretary-General as the most serious in its history.

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  • Expand / Collapse Hide / Show all Abstracts Intergovernmental organizations related to the United Nations

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    • International Atomic Agency (IAEA)

      Activities of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) were influenced by the accident at the Chernobyl nuclear power plant in the Ukrainian SSR on 26 April 1986, which underscored the international dimension of nuclear safety. The event gave the world its first real encounter with a severe nuclear power plant accident. Until then, nuclear power plants world-wide had, over three decades, accumulated some 4,000 reactor years of good safety and environmental records; the 1979 accident at Three Mile Island in the United States had involved no injuries or significant releases of radioactivity to the environment.

    • International Labour Organization (ILO)

      In 1986, the International Labour Organisation (ILO) continued activities in its six major programme areas: promotion of policies to create employment and satisfy basic human needs; development of human resources; improvement of working and living conditions and environment; promotion of social security; strengthening of industrial relations and tripartite (government/ employer/worker) co-operation; and the advancement of human rights in the social and labour fields. The main instruments of action continued to be standard-setting, technical co-operation activities, research and publishing.

    • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO)

      The 49-member Council of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), the organization’s governing body between biennial meetings of the FAO Conference, held its ninetieth session at Rome, Italy, from 17 to 28 November 1986. The Council, noting the dramatic increase in grasshopper and locust activity in many parts of Africa and the threat that these pests posed to crops and to the goal of food self-sufficiency, urged that national and regional control facilities be strengthened to counter that threat and called on the FAO Director-General to initiate, in consultation with Governments and international organizations, long-term arrangements for migratory pest control and plant protection.

    • United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO)

      The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) continued throughout 1986 its activities aimed at promoting co-operation among nations through education, natural and social sciences, culture and communication.

    • World Health Organization (WHO)

      The thirty-ninth World Health Assembly met at Geneva from 5 to 16 May 1986 and approved a global report on the first evaluation of strategies to achieve health for all by the year 2000, as set out in the 1982 action plan. The evaluation pinpointed the challenges member States and the World Health Organization (WHO) would face during the rest of the century. The Assembly urged member States to make full use of their strategy reports in guiding national health policies and to strengthen district health systems based on primary health care. Regarding the economic aspects of the implementation of the health-for-all strategies, the Assembly, recognizing that the widespread economic crisis had resulted in cuts in health budgets, appealed to developed countries and international organizations to increase their assistance to developing countries. It also called on developing countries to increase technical co-operation among themselves.

    • International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (World Bank)

      During the fiscal year 1 July 1985 to 30 June 1986, the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (World Bank) and its affiliate, the International Development Association (IDA), continued to help developing countries to raise their living standards by channelling financial resources to them from developed countries.

    • International Finance Corporation (IFC)

      The International Finance Corporation (IFC), established in 1956 as an affiliate of the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (World Bank), is a multilateral development institution that promotes private investment and assists private enterprises in its developing member countries. Its capital resources are provided by its 128 member States—including 107 developing countries—which collectively determine its policies and activities.

    • International Development Association (IDA)

      The International Development Association (IDA) was established in 1960 as an affiliate of the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (World Bank) to provide assistance for the same purposes as the Bank, but primarily to poorer developing countries and on easier terms. Though legally and financially distinct from the Bank, IDA shares the same staff.

    • International Monetary Fund (IMF)

      The world economic and financial situation changed substantially in 1986. Economic growth in the industrial countries slowed, real primary commodity prices continued to decline, external imbalances widened, protectionist actions intensified and the external financial situation of many developing countries deteriorated further. Although the rate of growth of 3.25 per cent for world output in 1986 was similar to that in 1985, the momentum of growth was weaker than expected. The shortfall in growth mainly reflected developments in the industrial countries, where the growth of real output slowed from 3.25 per cent in 1985 to 2.75 per cent in 1986. The growth performance of developing countries scarcely changed from 3.3 per cent in 1985 to 4.0 per cent in 1986.

    • International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO)

      The International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) facilitates the safety and efficiency of civil air transport. As an intergovernmental regulatory organization, its objectives are set down in annexes to the Convention on International Civil Aviation (Chicago, United States, 1944) which prescribe standards, recommended practices and procedures for facilitating civil aviation operations.

    • Universal Postal Union (UPU)

      The Universal Postal Union (UPU), established at Berne, Switzerland, in 1874 for the reciprocal exchange of postal services between nations, is one of the oldest international intergovernmental organizations. Its aim is to promote the organization and improvement of postal services. It also furthers the development of international collaboration and participates, at the request of its members, in various forms of postal technical assistance.

    • International Telecommunication Union (ITU)

      During 1986, membership of the International Telecommunication Union (ITU) rose to 161 with the admission of Kiribati on 3 November.

    • World Meteorological Organization (WMO)

      The membership of the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) as at 31 December 1986 remained at 154 States and 5 Territories.

    • International Maritime Organization (IMO)

      During 1986, several legal instruments adopted under the auspices of the International Maritime Organization (IMO) entered into force. The 1984 amendments a to the International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from Ships, 1973, as modified by the 1978 Protocol (MARPOL 73/78), entered into force, as did the second set of amendmentsb to the International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea, 1974 (SOLAS Convention).

    • World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO)

      During 1986, membership of the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) increased to 116 with the admission of Iceland, Lebanon, Lesotho and Sierra Leone. The number of States party to the Paris Convention for the Protection of Industrial Property and to the Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works remained at 97 and 76, respectively. Benin became party to the Hague Agreement concerning the International Deposit of Industrial Designs, bringing membership to 20. Argentina, Barbados, Oman, San Marino and the USSR became party to the Nairobi Treaty on the Protection of the Olympic Symbol, bringing membership to 32. At the end of the year, total membership in WIPO and its various Unions, taken together, was 130.

    • International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD)

      The International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD) completed its ninth year of operations in 1986, during which it continued to provide concessional assistance for financing agricultural projects in developing countries. The Fund aimed at increasing food production, reducing malnutrition and alleviating rural poverty. It continued to concentrate on low-income, food-deficit countries, which received most of IFAD’S lending, and on the poorest farmers, aiming at providing them with the necessary production means and institutional support. Particular emphasis was given to simplifying project design, restoring agricultural capacity to sub-Saharan countries, and ways of reducing the costs of technical assistance, project administration and recurrent expenditures. IFAD also gave special attention to the issues of women in development, co-operation with non-governmental organizations and the environment.

    • United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO)

      On 1 January 1986, the United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO), established by the General Assembly in 1966 to promote the industrialization of developing countries, became the sixteenth specialized agency of the United Nations system in accordance with Articles 57 and 63 of the Charter of the United Nations. Prior to its new status, UNIDO functioned autonomously as an Assembly organ within the United Nations system. It’s Constitution was adopted in 1979.b

    • Interim Commission for the International Trade Organization (ICITO) and the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT)

      The United Nations Conference on Trade and Employment (Havana, Cuba, November 1947-March 1948) drew up a charter for an International Trade Organization (ITO) and established an Interim Commission for the International Trade Organization (ICITO). Since the charter itself was never accepted, ITO was not established. However, while drawing up the charter, the members of the Conference’s Preparatory Committee negotiated on tariffs among themselves, and also drew up the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT)-a multilateral treaty embodying reciprocal rights and obligations, which is the only multilateral instrument that lays down agreed rules for international trade. It entered into force on 1 January 1948 with 23 contracting parties. Since then, ICITO has provided the GATT secretariat.

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  • Expand / Collapse Hide / Show all Abstracts Appendices

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    • Roster of the United Nations
    • Charter of the United Nations and Statute of the International Court of Justice

      The Charter of the United Nations was signed on 26 June 1945, in San Francisco, at the conclusion of the United Nations Conference on International Organization, and came into force on 24 October 1945. The Statute of the International Court of Justice is an integral part of the Charter.

    • Structure of the United Nations

      The General Assembly is composed of all the Members of the United Nations

    • Agendas of United Nations principal organs in 1986

      This appendix lists the items on the agenda of the General Assembly, the Security Council, the Economic and Social Council and the Trusteeship Council during 1986. For the Assembly and the Economic and Social Council, the column headed “Allocation” indicates the assignment of each item to plenary meetings or committees Agenda item titles have been shortened by omitting mention of reports following the subject of the item. Thus, “Question of Cyprus: report of the Secretary-General” has been shortened to “Question of Cyprus”. Where the subject-matter of the item is not apparent from its title, the subject is identified in square brackets; this is not part of the title.

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