Evaluation of Disability Inclusive Development at UNDP

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Author(s):
UNDP
27 Feb 2017
Pages:
171
ISBN:
9789210600590 (PDF)
http://dx.doi.org/10.18356/43584b8c-en

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This evaluation of UNDP’s contribution to disability inclusive development is part of the work programme for the Independent Evaluation Office approved by the Executive Board in 2014/2015 (DP 2014/5). It provides an assessment of UNDP contribution to disability inclusive development during the period 2008-2016, corresponding to the current and past UNDP strategic plans, and to the period within which the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD) has been in force.

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  • Acronyms and abbreviations
  • Executive summary

    An estimated 15 percent of the world’s population — some 1 billion people — live with disabilities that have a direct impact on their daily lives. One in every four households has a disabled member. While persons with disabilities account for a large proportion of the world’s population, they have been consistently left out of the gains made by global development. Disability was not mentioned in any of the Millennium Development Goals or their related targets and indicators. Evidence suggests that persons with disabilities have been left behind their non-disabled peers, and that the poorest members in many communities are consistently individuals with disabilities. Persons with disabilities are not only poorer in economic terms but are also comparatively poorer in many domains, including access to health care, education, employment and social inclusion, as well as resilience to environmental degradation and climate shocks. In addition, persons with disabilities often face stigma and prejudice that severely limit their ability to have a voice in their households and communities.

  • Introduction

    An estimated 15 percent of the world’s population — some 1 billion people — live with disabilities that have a direct impact on their daily lives. One in every four households has a disabled member. While persons with disabilities account for a large proportion of the world’s population, they have been consistently left out of the gains made by global development. Disability was not mentioned in any of the Millennium Development Goals or their related targets and indicators. Evidence suggests that persons with disabilities have been left behind their non-disabled peers, and that the poorest members in many communities are consistently individuals with disabilities. Persons with disabilities are not only poorer in economic terms but are also comparatively poorer in many domains, including access to health care, education, employment and social inclusion, as well as resilience to environmental degradation and climate shocks. In addition, persons with disabilities often face stigma and prejudice that severely limit their ability to have a voice in their households and communities.

  • Disability - Inclusive development: The international context for UNDP engagement

    Inequality and discrimination on the basis of disability impact more than 1 billion people worldwide. Deeply entrenched inequality is reflected in high rates of poverty among people with disabilities who have limited access to decision-making processes and political power, confront major barriers to health care, rehabilitation, education, and employment, and experience high rates of violence and abuse. These can be in turn reinforced by discriminatory laws and institutions and perpetuated by disability-based stigma.

  • Strategic relevance of disability-inclusive development for UNDP

    The evaluation sought to answer some overriding strategic questions, including whether and how UNDP’s objective to help the poorest of the poor and most marginalized members of society extends to persons with disabilities. While subsequent sections delve into specific programming activities, this chapter takes a broader focus by (1) assessing UNDP’s programmatic policies relating to the inclusion of persons with disabilities in the UNDP Strategic Plan and policy guidance; and (2) addressing UNDP’s involvement in fostering partnerships within the UN system and with key stakeholders in the disability-inclusive development arena.

  • Disability-inclusive programming results

    The evaluation team sought to determine whether UNDP had played a significant role assisting countries in implementing the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD). Answering this requires determining if UNDP has effectively mainstreamed attention to persons with disabilities across its three major areas of work: sustainable development pathways, governance and peacebuilding, and resilience. This section also takes up the question of whether UNDP social and environmental standards screen for accessibility and inclusiveness of persons with disabilities.

  • Organizaitonal and procedural aspects of disability inclusiveness

    This chapter presents findings in relation to key aspects of UNDP’s organizational policy, culture and practices in creating an enabling environment for persons with disabilities. Findings cover issues of organizational strategy, training recruitment practices, reasonable accommodation, accessibility and universal design.

  • Disability-inclusive development in similar organizations

    In this chapter, key lessons are provided from a diverse range of organizations — including multilateral organizations, bilateral donors and global corporations — to identify how the inclusion of persons with disabilities is understood and approached. International organizations considered by the evaluation team to be leaders in disability inclusiveness were purposefully selected. The effort was not intended as a comparative exercise, and the evaluation team does not offer evaluative judgements on the work of these other organizations. The purpose is to highlight options that UNDP may want to consider as it moves forward in its work on disability-inclusive development, based on the approaches taken by similar international organizations.

  • Conclusions and recommendations

    Building especially from the findings on UNDP contributions to disability-inclusive development set out in previous chapters, and the review of what other organizations are doing in this regard, the following section brings these various lines of assessment together into a more general set of conclusions, from which a series of recommendations to UNDP are then elaborated.

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  • Expand / Collapse Hide / Show all Abstracts Annexes

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    • Country visit reports
    • People consulted
    • Documents consulted and data sources
    • Terms of reference

      The Independent Evaluation Office of the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) included an evaluation of UNDP’s contribution to disabilities-inclusive development in its medium-term plan (DP/2014/5) approved by the Executive Board in January 2014. In approving the plan for this evaluation, the Executive Board recognized the importance of ensuring that development support from UNDP includes and emphasizes assistance to poor and marginalized populations, of which the persons with disabilities are disproportionately represented. The evaluation will include an assessment of UNDP contribution to disabilities-inclusive development during the 2010 to 2016 period, and will be presented to the Executive Board at its first regular session, January 2017.

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